Tools and Materials Needed:

  • Tile
  • Thinset Mortar
  • Grout
  • Tile Spacers
  • Notched Trowel 
  • Grout Float
  • Wet Saw or Tile Cutter
  • Chalk Line 
  • Tape Measure
  • Level 
  • Rubber Mallet 
  • Knee Pads
  • Safety Glasses
  • Tile Nippers
  • Sponge

Step 1: Preparation The first step in installing tile is to prepare the subfloor. The subfloor must be flat, clean, dry, and free of any debris or cracks. If there are any cracks or uneven spots, fill them with a self-leveling compound or patching compound. You may also need to install a cement backer board over the subfloor to provide a stable surface for the tiles.

Step 2: Measuring and Marking Use a tape measure to find the center of the room and mark a line using a chalk line. Lay out the tiles on the floor to determine the best layout and spacing. Use tile spacers to ensure even spacing between each tile.

Step 3: Mixing the Mortar Mix the thin set mortar according to the manufacturer's instructions. Use a notched trowel to spread the mortar onto the subfloor, starting at the center and working outward.

Step 4: Laying the Tiles Place the tiles onto the mortar, using a rubber mallet to gently tap them into place. Use a level to ensure that each tile is level and flush with the surrounding tiles. If needed, use a wet saw or tile cutter to cut tiles to fit around edges and corners.

Step 5: Grouting the Tiles After the mortar has dried, mix the grout according to the manufacturer's instructions. Use a grout float to spread the grout over the tiles, pressing it into the spaces between each tile. Use a damp sponge to wipe away excess grout, being careful not to remove too much.

how to install tile flooring - step by step instructions from Buffaloe Floors in Houston, TX

Step 6: Sealing the Grout Once the grout has dried, apply a grout sealer to protect the grout from stains and dirt. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for applying the sealer.

Step 7: Finishing Touches After the grout sealer has dried, remove any remaining haze from the tiles with a clean, damp sponge. Replace any baseboards or trim that were removed during the installation process.

That's it! Installing tile can be a bit of a time-consuming process, but with the right tools, materials, and a little patience, you can achieve a beautiful and long-lasting tile floor. Remember to wear safety glasses and knee pads while working and take breaks as needed to avoid fatigue.